Almost 40,000,000 people are addicted to gambling today, the most gambling vending machines. The devices have the biggest potential for addiction, yet they are not regulated by the state. The reason is that It is a question of billions of euros.
Dennis K.’s career as a game addict began in a Snack bar in the vicinity of Bremen. Between French fries and beer mugs of the 17 saw-Year-old a money slot, in the money was. Dennis pressed a button and the 170 Mark roared in the output slot. He was hooked and began playing regularly. “For those moments I forgot everything that was around me,” he says in a YouTube Video that he wants others to explain his year-long addiction to gambling.
With a profit most of the game to begin careers with the loss of family, friends, workplace, or even the lives of many. In view of their huge mountains of debt, some see no other way out than suicide, among all the addicts gambling addicts have the highest suicide rate.
Dennis is currently be 193,000 Dependent in Germany. If we add also those who were at least once in the course of their lives, addicted to gambling, it is of 530,000 people, as a study by addiction researchers at the University of Lübeck.
Ringing machines, feelings of happiness trigger
Machines the entry – level and most of the Enddroge for many, they are the most dangerous variant of the gambling. The threshold is low: Even with 20 cents, you slots is one of the only 236,000 of money in Germany. Approximately one in twelve slots player is the Problem or is looking for players. The lottery is only one out of every 300. Player. Addicts are subject to the Illusion, to be able to the Addiction in control. If you win, you make more, because you believe in a lucky streak and your hormones push. You, make you lose even more – in order to recoup the loss.
The Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental disorders (DSM-IV) defines pathological gambling as persistent and recurrent, miscarriage customized game behavior, which is reflected in at least five of the following characteristics (to take only three to four characteristics that are problematic game behavior):
- Strong imposed depression from gambling (e.g., with a strong mental preoccupation with raising money)
- The increase of bets to achieve desired excitement
- Repeated success loose Trying to control the game, limit, or abandon
- Restlessness and irritability when trying to get the game to restrict or abandon
- Play to escape problems or negative moods
- Resumption of gambling after a loss of Money
- Lying to a third party, to the extent of the game’s problems to cover up
- Illegal acts to Finance gambling
- Risk or loss of important relationships, job and future opportunities
- Hope that the provision of money by a third party
Known is the addiction that the neurotransmitter dopamine plays a Central role in addictions arise – even in the gambling. The as happiness hormone called dopamine from the brain is approximately distributed with Win at the machines increased and stimulates the reward system. “Over time, the expectation of profit sufficient to enable it”, says Klaus Wölfling, a psychologist at the addiction treatment outpatient Department at Mainz.
The feeling is so good that you would like to experience it again and again. At the same time, the accompanying charms of a burn in the brain: the ringing of the machines, the smell in the Casino, the flash light – all of this can suddenly trigger feelings of happiness, because the body has made in this environment previously, be a pleasant experience. Particularly perfidious: Some Casinos guide the machine noise up on the road, in order to attract players.
In addition, neuronal changes cause the release of dopamine is not sufficient in the case of other activities – at some point only to Play makes you happy. The reward system of the addict dulls, as a cub scout. Self gains, it is not activate, only the expectation and the Play itself. “The high losses are not the addict.”
Especially teenagers are at risk. A study in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate showed that two-thirds of all minors in the game are addicts ATM players and in pubs or halls of your money – a clear failure of the youth protection. Much less control and youth protection in Online gambling. Theo Baumgärtner, head of the office for addiction prevention in Hamburg, carried out in 2009 a survey of Hamburg students. The shocking results: one in ten 14 – to 18-Year-old regularly gives money for gambling. At the top of the popularity scale are the Online Poker and sports betting.
Men with risky behavior
“In principle it can affect anyone,” says Tobias Hayer, addiction researchers at the University of Bremen. Certain groups of people are particularly at risk, as scientists to the addiction researcher Hans-Jürgen hull of the University of Lübeck in the context of the Page-study (project play Pathological happiness and epidemiology) in the study of 15,000 people found out:
- 90 percent are men
- 85 per cent are under 30 years of
- 80 percent are heavy smokers
- 65 percent have a migration background
- 50 percent are alcoholics
- 50 percent have Depression
- 20 percent of us are unemployed
Whether concomitant diseases and addictions are the addiction in a cause or a consequence of the game, is unclear. Nine out of ten addicts are male, says Hayer, the men tended to generally exhibit more risky behavior. “Women have a higher inhibition threshold to go to a game arcade, a casino or a betting office,” says addiction researcher.
Many gambling addicts become criminals to support their habit, they are less productive, or be unemployed. And you need psychological help. The society costs a lot of money – how much is controversial. Tilman Becker, Director of the research centre gambling at the University of Hohenheim, estimated that the amount annually, of which 326 million Euro, the “research Institute for gambling and betting” comes to similar Figures.
Ingo Fiedler on the other hand, economic and social scientists from the University of Hamburg, expects a much higher amount per year: 40 billion euros. In his view, in the research institutions were not taken into account the immense expenditure of the Concerned for your Addiction. Many game addicts gambled away almost all their income and accumulate an average debt in the amount of 25,000 euros. No account is taken of the psychological suffering of the Affected remain in the estimates.